On June 9th Google announced the completion of a new web indexing system called Caffeine. Caffeine provides 50 percent fresher results for web searches than Googleâ€™s last index, and it’s the largest collection of web content which Google offered. Whether it’s a news story, a blog or a forum post, you can now find links to relevant content much sooner after it is published than was possible ever before.
Some background for those of you who don’t build search engines for a living like us: when you search Google, you’re not searching the live web. Instead you’re searching Google’s index of the web which, like the list in the back of a book, helps you pinpoint exactly the information you need. (Here’s a good explanation of how it all works.)
So why did Google build a new search indexing system? Content on the web is blossoming. It’s growing not just in size and numbers but with the advent of video, images, news and real-time updates, the average webpage are richer and more complex. In addition, people’s expectations for search are higher than they used to be. Searchers want to find the latest relevant content and publishers expect to be found the instant they publish.
To keep up with the evolution of the web and to meet rising user expectations, Google built Caffeine. The image below illustrates how our old indexing system worked compared to Caffeine:
Googleâ€™s old index had several layers, some of which were refreshed at a faster rate than others; the main layer would update every couple of weeks. To refresh a layer of the old index, Google would analyze the entire web, which meant there was a significant delay between when Google found a page and made it available to you.
With Caffeine, Google analyze the web in small portions and update its search index on a continuous basis, globally. As Google find new pages, or new information on existing pages, they add them straight to the index. That means you can find fresher information than ever beforeâ€”no matter when or where it was published.
Caffeine let Google index web pages on an enormous scale. In fact, every second Caffeine processes hundreds of thousands of pages in parallel. If this were a pile of paper it would grow three miles taller every second. Caffeine takes up nearly 100 million gigabytes of storage in one database and adds new information at a rate of hundreds of thousands of gigabytes per day. You would need 625,000 of the largest iPods to store that much information; if these were stacked end-to-end they would go for more than 40 miles.
Google built Caffeine with the future in mind. Not only is it fresher, it’s a robust foundation that makes it possible for Google to build an even faster and comprehensive search engine that scales with the growth of information online, and delivers even more relevant search results to you. So stay tuned, and look for more improvements in the months to come.